You're probably already aware of the fact that your teeth are coated in an extremely strong mineralized substance known as dental enamel. Your teeth extend beneath the gum line, and this enamel then gives way to another strong substance known as cementum, which protects the roots of your teeth. In rare cases, this cementum can have an unwanted visitor known as a cementoblastoma. But what is it, and will it cause any issues with your dental health?
A Benign Growth
A cementoblastoma is a benign growth and is unrelated to a person's level of dental care (or lack thereof). It grows around the cementum and can sometimes encase it entirely. There's nothing that can be done to prevent these types of growths, and it's simply a case of treating the cementoblastoma if it should actually develop.
An Asymptomatic Growth
The growth is typically asymptomatic, although it can conceivably result in minor discomfort as it expands and compresses the surrounding tissues, not to mention the root of the tooth. The mass can sometimes be felt under the fingertips, but it's rare for it to be visible. It's often discovered during a routine dental checkup if no other symptoms have developed.
Confirming the Growth
Your dentist will confirm the presence of the cementoblastoma with a radiograph, which will also help to determine how far it has progressed. Remember that it's benign and isn't harmful to your health beyond the localized complications. Your dentist will take the necessary steps to correct these localized complications.
The cementoblastoma must be removed in its entirety; otherwise, it will simply form again. This involves a minor surgical procedure, with the goal of removing the mass without compromising the underlying cementum or the tooth's root. For some people, the growth may already have progressed to the point that the tooth itself is affected.
The Tooth's Root
A particularly pronounced cementoblastoma can actually destroy the tooth's root. If this should be the case, the tooth may require extraction. Although this is unfortunate, it's necessary to remove the growth. Your dentist will be able to replace the tooth, and this involves a dental implant, with the implant acting as an artificial tooth root, with a prosthetic crown then attached to the implant.
Although a cementoblastoma is benign, it can occasionally lead to the loss of the tooth, but this won't be the case for all patients. In any event, it's important that the growth is removed so that your dental health can be restored. Contact a dental clinic to learn more.